Skin whitening is the process by which people reduce the melanin pigment in the skin to give a whiter complexion. Those with dark complexion have more melanin and the quantity of melanin determines the colour of a person’s skin. Melanin is manufactured by cells called melanocytes. The melanin quantity of person’s skin depends upon the genetic buildup. The production of melanin is affected by exposure to the sun, the degree of damaged skin, and exposure to chemicals.
Often people take recourse to skin whitening methods to deal with problems such as freckles, age spots, scars, moles, acne, birthmarks and also by people who wish to have fair skin, especially those with a darker tone of skin. People use whitening or lightening products such as bleaching creams, fading creams, chemical peels and laser treatment. These products work by disturbing the tyrosinase enzyme which is instrumental for the melanin production and thereby reducing its amount in the skin. The melanocyte cells which manufacture melanin are situated at the very bottom of the skin’s epidermal layer. Sometimes the over-production of the melanin pigment could lead to various hyperpigmentation problems.
Side Effects of Laser Skin Lightening are as follows :
Swelling, itchiness, and/or redness.
After the procedure, your skin may feel itchy, red, and swollen. But these symptoms usually fade after a few days. For aggressive treatments, redness can be intense and may last for a few weeks. For more info on Laser Skin Lightening visit Painpeters
Depending on the type of laser treatment used, burning sensation is also another side effect. But this usually subsides after a few days and can be relieved by applying a cold compress.
Infection is infrequent, but it can happen. Most doctors will prescribe antibiotics after the procedure is done to treat and prevent infections.
Scarring and dryness.
Laser treatments may also cause your skin to get dry and scarred, but this depends on the type of skin you have.
Changes in skin pigmentation.
Laser skin lightening is definitely one of the best treatments available for whitening skin – but it isn’t for everyone. This is the very reason why you need to consult a trusted dermatologist before you undergo the treatment. If laser is not suitable for your skin, it will lead to hyper-pigmentation (darkening of the skin) or hypo-pigmentation (lightening of the skin).
Turning of the eyelid (ectropion).
Some aggressive treatments near the lower eyelid, such as the ablative lasers, can also cause your eyelid to turn outward, leaving the inner surface exposed. Although this symptom is rare, it can still happen. To correct the problem, surgery is needed.
Scabbing and blistering.
These are also rare symptoms, but when they appear, they can be severe. These are common in non-ablative lasers.
Tightness and discomfort.
After the treatment, you may also experience tightness or discomfort in the area that is treated. But this will also fade overtime.
Sensitivity to the sun.
Since laser treatments utilize high heat to destroy dead cells and encourage the growth of new cells, your skin can become photosensitive. After the procedure, it is recommended to reduce your exposure to sunlight and wear sunscreen to protect your skin.
Acne formation is also another common side effect of cosmetic laser treatment. This usually occurs due to heavy ointments and healing creams that you apply after the procedure. In general, people with sensitive and acne-prone skin should not get this kind of treatment.
While uncommon, abnormal healing is also possible, especially if there is excessive scarring or other severe symptoms.
Recurrence of the skin tissue.
While the cosmetic laser is considered effective in lightening skin, it doesn’t always guarantee great results. Sometimes, skin conditions come back, and you may need to take another treatment to get your desired results.
Laser skin lightening procedures are generally safe when performed by qualified surgeon or dermatologist. However, certain complications, such as the ones mentioned above, although infrequent, may also occur.
To minimize your risks, it is important to consult with a trusted and experienced doctor. It is also vital to discuss with your doctor about your medical history before undergoing such procedure.
Some conditions, such as drug allergies and health problems, including previous surgeries and current medications, may affect the result of the treatment and cause serious side effects. It is important for you to provide complete information so that your doctor can effectively determine what kind of procedure is right for you.
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