A lipoma is a lump under the skin that occurs due to an overgrowth of fat cells. Doctors consider lipomas to be benign tumors, which means that they are non-cancerous growths.
However, people may wish to remove a lipoma that causes pain, complications, or other symptoms. Some people also have concerns about the cosmetic appearance of lipomas.
Lipomas can occur anywhere on the body where fat cells are present, but they tend to appear on the shoulders, chest, trunk, neck, thighs, and armpits. In less common cases, they may also form in internal organs, bones, or muscles.
Lipomas feel soft and may move slightly under the skin when people press down on them. They usually grow slowly over a period of months or years and typically reach a size of around 2–3 centimeters (cm). Occasionally, people have giant lipomas, which can grow to more than 10 cm.
How Lipoma is diagnosed?
Doctors can often diagnose a lipoma by performing a physical exam. It feels soft and isn’t painful. Also, since it’s made up of fatty tissues, the lipoma moves easily when touched.
In some cases, a dermatologist might take a biopsy of the lipoma. During this procedure, they’ll scrape a small portion of the tissue and send it to a lab for testing. This test is done to rule out the possibility of cancer. Although a lipoma isn’t cancerous, it can look like a liposarcoma, which is malignant, or cancerous. Unlike lipomas, liposarcomas are painful and grow under the skin quickly. For more details on Lipoma Removal check Spectralreview
Further testing using MRIs and CT scans are only required if a biopsy shows that a suspected lipoma is actually a liposarcoma.
The symptoms of lipoma
There are many types of skin tumors, but symptoms of lipoma usually has distinct characteristics. If you suspect symptoms for lipoma it will generally:
A. Be soft to the touch
B. Move easily if prodded with your finger
C. Be just under the skin
D. Be pale
E. Be colorless
F. Grow slowly
Lipomas are most commonly located in the neck, back, and shoulders, but they can also occur on the stomach, thighs, and arms. The lipoma symptoms is only painful if it grows into nerves underneath the skin.
You should call your doctor if you notice any changes in your skin. Lipomas can look very similar to a cancerous condition called liposarcoma.
The causes of lipoma
The causes of lipoma is unknown. Your risk of developing this type of skin lump increases if you have a family history causes for lipoma.
This condition is most prevalent in adults between the ages of 40 and 60.
Certain conditions may also increase your risk of lipoma development. These include:
A. Adiposis dolorosa (a rare disorder characterized by multiple, painful lipomas)
B. Cowden syndrome
C. Gardner’s syndrome
D. Madelung’s disease
Treatment of lipoma
That’s left alone usually doesn’t lipoma causes any problems. However, your dermatologist can treat the lump if it bothers you.
Your dermatologist will make the best treatment for lipoma recommendation based on a variety of factors including:
A. The size of the lipoma
B. The number of skin tumors you have
C. Your personal history of skin cancer
D. Your family history of skin cancer
E. Whether the lipoma is painful
The most common lipoma treatment is to remove it through surgery. This is especially helpful if you have a large skin tumor that’s still growing. Lipomas rarely grow back once they’re surgically removed.
Another treatment of lipoma is liposuction. Since lipomas are fat-based, this procedure can work well to reduce its size. Liposuction involves a needle attached to a large syringe, and the area is usually numbed before the procedure.
Steroid injections may also be used right on the affected area. This treatment can shrink the lipoma, but it doesn’t completely remove it.
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